assassinations of four indigenous land rights activists in Cauca Department (Gerardo Velasco Escue, Emiliano Silva Oteca, Arturo Andrés Galindo Bastos and Carlos Algeiro Mera Pino) and death threats to indigenous community leader Alfredo Campo Lectamo and others speaking out against these killings
death threats by paramilitary group Black Eagles to Sabino Lucomi, Eduar Mina, Jhon Jairo Valverde, Francia Marquez, leaders of the Afro-descendant community in La Toma who have been calling on authorities to take action against illegal mining.
armed attack on Jesús Flores Satuye (shot in the head and arm), a member of the Afro-descendant Garífuna community of Nueva Armenia in Atlántida Department, and concurrent attack on the offices of La Via Campesina in Tegucigalpa.
death threats and security incidents against defenders of Afro-Colombian territorial, labor, and civil rights Francia Marquez
Lisifrey Ararat, Luis Ernesto Olave Valencia, Senator Piedad Cordoba and Jesús Enrique Andrade (shot 3 times in the head)