“People are on to Pan American Silver’s business model – profit at all cost with blatant disregard for self-determination of Indigenous communities”
Angus Wong, Senior Campaign Manager with SumOfUs.
“Escobal, one of the largest silver mines in the world, has been closed since 2017 amid court decisions in Guatemala that found local Xinka people, on whose territory the mine is located, were never consulted about its construction.”
“Pan American in 2019 gained ownership of the mine through its $1.1-billion purchase of Tahoe Resources and subsequently paid an undisclosed sum to settle a lawsuit in British Columbia filed by protesters who were shot while standing in front of the mine’s gate.”
Pan American Silver ignores community demands at annual shareholder meeting
By Mining Watch Canada, SumOfUs, Earthworks
(May 12, 2022) An international coalition of activists delivered a petition to Pan American Silver leadership at the company’s annual meeting yesterday calling on the company to respect communities’ self-determination in Guatemala and Argentina. The petition, organized by corporate watchdog SumOfUs, garnered more than 85,000 signatures in just two weeks.
“The scale of the petition shows that people around the world are on to Pan American Silver’s business model – profit at all cost with a blatant disregard for the self-determination of Indigenous communities,” said Angus Wong, Senior Campaign Manager with SumOfUs. “This petition delivery is just the beginning – SumOfUs has supported communities from Alaska to Peru to stop mining projects for years, and we are prepared to fight Pan American Silver until it respects communities’ self-determination in Argentina and Guatemala.”
Once again, Pan American Silver took advantage of the lack of transparency afforded by the virtual platform at this year's Annual General Meeting in Vancouver, Canada to silence community voices and dodge questions about opposition to its projects.
"Why is Pan American Silver refusing to engage with shareholders who are concerned about Indigenous rights?” asked Ellen Moore, International Mining Campaign Manager with Earthworks. “It is not clear if the company will respect Indigenous people’s right to say no to mining in their territory. That makes it a dangerous investment and shareholders should know that.”
Pan American Silver hopes to cash in on large silver deposits despite long-standing resistance at the proposed Navidad project in Chubut, Argentina where open-pit mining is currently prohibited by law, and the suspended Escobal mine in Guatemala. The company categorizes the projects, along with the La Colorada mine in Mexico, as “catalysts for growth,” that is, projects that are essential for the future profitability of the company.
“It is clear to us that Pan American Silver is financing the ongoing dispossession of peoples in Guatemala and Argentina with the pain and suffering of communities at La Colorada, Mexico,” said Cristina Agüero, a member of the Union of Assemblies of Communities of Chubut (UACCH), Argentina. “We wanted the company to hear that they are not welcome in our territories.”
Pan American Silver's dance with non-profits shows why ESG is now the main risk for miners
By Gabriel Friedman, Financial Post, May 13, 2022
Vancouver-based Pan American Silver Corp.’s shares have dropped about 30 per cent over the past month, so it would have been fair to expect executives were due for a grilling over financials as shareholders gathered for the company’s annual general meeting on May 11.
But that’s not what happened. Pan American chief executive Michael Steinmann and his lieutenants got just as many questions about the company’s relationship with the communities near its mines as they did about performance.
Call it a sign of the times. ESG — the acronym used to label the investing strategy that rewards companies that show commitment to the environment, social issues, and governance — now consistently ranks as the top business risk in mining industry surveys.
That’s because disputes with local communities and governments can lead to permit losses, mine closures, or higher operating costs that affect long-term performance.
Pan American, which operates nine mines spread across Argentina, Bolivia, Canada, Mexico and Peru, also announced first-quarter results that flagged several headwinds: the pandemic continued to affect its workforce and costs are rising from the inflationary pressures around the world. Overall, gold and silver production remained essentially flat, but higher prices for the byproduct metals it produces, including zinc, lead, and copper (and a one-time accounting change) drove up revenue 16 per cent to US$439 million in the quarter.
Like other miners in the precious metals sector, Pan American’s share price has been a roller-coaster. Geopolitical tensions after Russia invaded Ukraine in February helped push its share price to US$29.84 in mid-April, but fears about inflation and the economy have since dropped the price to around US$22 as of May 13.
Nothing in Pan American’s first-quarter results suggest that it risks losing a “social licence” to operate — an industry catchphrase that encapsulates both the chances of losing a mine permit and the likelihood of a road blockade. Indeed, the company has often said that ESG and human rights rank above everything else.
“Human rights is a really important issue to us, and we have human rights audits to ensure our best practices and compliance regarding principles on business and human rights,” Steinmann said at the annual meeting.
Key business risk
But Pan American has drawn consistent criticism from a half-dozen non-profit watchdogs who accuse the company of ignoring opposition to mining from communities near its projects. The stark contrast between Pan American’s view of itself and analysts’ perceptions of the company’s “social licence” illustrate why ESG is such a key business risk.
In February, an industry survey by the global law firm White & Case LLP found that ESG constituted the top risk for mining companies, beating out supply chain disruptions, energy and cost inflation, and a slowdown in the Chinese economy. The firm wrote that ESG “is now central in terms of both attracting investors and holding a social licence to operate.”
Indeed, this year, Pan American once again faced criticism at its annual general meeting from non-profits working on behalf of disaffected community members, particularly in places where it hopes to operate mines in the future.
Angus Wong, a senior campaign manager at Sum of Us, a Vancouver-based non-profit, accused the company of using a virtual format at last year’s annual meeting to ignore questions critical of its track record. Wong had collected 86,000 signatures for a petition that calls on Pan American to “respect community self-determination” near projects in Guatemala and Argentina. The company’s legal counsel denied him entry, but accepted his petition.
“I just feel like they’re trying to silence dissenting voices,” said Wong. “I feel like it is in their best interest to allow for free flow of dialogue.”
Ellen Moore, international mining campaign manager at Washington, D.C.-based Earthworks, said Pan American has ignored local opposition to its Navidad project in Argentina, and its Escobal mine in Guatemala.
The company in recent years has referred to both projects as potential catalysts, and analysts often ask about the projects.
Navidad, a potential silver mine, is located in the Chubut province of Argentina, where open-pit mining is banned by a years-old law. Last year, there were brief reports that the provincial government had repealed the ban. But Moore said the repeal sparked blockades on major roads, and the provincial legislature reversed course on a repeal amid an investigation into bribery.
Meanwhile, Escobal, one of the largest silver mines in the world, has been closed since 2017 amid court decisions in Guatemala that found local Xinka people, on whose territory the mine is located, were never consulted about its construction.
Pan American in 2019 gained ownership of the mine through its $1.1-billion purchase of Tahoe Resources and subsequently paid an undisclosed sum to settle a lawsuit in British Columbia filed by protesters who were shot while standing in front of the mine’s gate.
‘Areas of concern’
Moore cited issues at other Pan American projects, such as the forced relocation of families in Mexico into company-owned housing. In 2018, the United Nations High Commissioner of Human Rights in Mexico, in Steinmann’s own words “identified areas of concern and opportunities for improvement from a human rights perspective” related to the relocated families access to water, electricity, roads, and other issues.
“It’s sort of incredible to me, that they can talk their way around their lack of social agency in Guatemala and in Argentina,” said Moore. “But apparently, shareholders continue to see these projects as possibilities.”
Pan American stands by its track record in its communities, saying it continues to meet with residents and address any concerns, and that it contributes money to local schools and health-care services. It says that it always acts within the law.
Siren Fisekci, vice-president of communications for Pan American, also took issue with accusations that the company ignored questions at its annual general meeting last year. Some questions were handled after the meeting but other questions were statements, not “pertinent to the business of the meeting,” she said. “It’s not a forum for people to just air their grievances,” Fisekci said.
She noted that the company hosts community meetings, does an annual call about ESG, and publishes a sustainability report. “ESG performance and reporting have long been at the core of our approach to long-term sustainability,” Steinmann said on the latest ESG call, held in September 2021.
The company sees itself as a leader on ESG issues, and says it sets ever higher goals each year.
Earthworks’ Moore granted that she has seen progress. “I would say communities in Guatemala and Argentina have been increasingly successful in stopping projects they see as harmful and getting that information out,” said Moore. “There are certain places where you can’t engage your way out of a conflict.”